Human growth hormone (HGH) is a substance which controls the growth of the body. The pituitary gland makes it. HGH helps kids grow taller, decreases body fat and increases muscle mass. In both adults and children, HGH helps in controlling the metabolism of the body. During the process of metabolism, food is changed into energy by cells which also make other substances the body needs.
People with too little or too much growth hormone may have health issues. A deficiency in growth hormone can be treated with synthetic HGH.
The Use of Growth Hormone Therapy
The FDA has approved growth hormone treatment for some conditions. The hormone can be bought only by prescription and must be injected. Synthetic growth hormone is effective and safe when used as prescribed for the conditions approved by the FDA. In children, growth hormone is used to treat GH deficiency as well as conditions which cause short stature like chronic kidney disease, Prader-Willi syndrome and Turner syndrome. Meanwhile, in adults growth hormone is used for treating muscle tissue loss from HIV and short bowel syndrome in addition to GH deficiency.
Appropriateness of Growth Hormone for Healthy Adults
Research of healthy adults who take GH has produced some conflicting results. A number of short-term research revealed that older adults increased strength and endurance with decreased fat mass and increased muscle after taking HGH boosters. However, other studies didn’t reveal similar benefits. More research is needed in order to fully understand the risks and benefits of using growth hormone in healthy adults.
Growth Hormone Abuse
Sometimes, people take growth hormone illegally in order to stop or reverse aging effects or enhance athletic performance. A number of athletes think that taking growth hormone won’t achieve the desired results so they end up taking the hormone along with anabolic steroids in order to build muscle, decreased body fat and increase strength.
It is possible for growth hormone users to experience harmful side effects as they abuse it. Short-term use can result in side effects like muscle and joint pain, joint swelling and fluid buildup. When growth hormone is injected with shared needles, users are likely to be exposed to AIDS, HIV or hepatitis. Ingesting high GH doses over a long time is likely to contribute to heart disease.
Growth hormone that is sold illegally may be composed of unknown and possibly harmful ingredients. For example, when people take growth hormone derived from human tissue, they are at risk of developing Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, a fatal brain disorder.